Hello William,

Saturday, October 12, 2002, 7:53:40 PM, you wrote:

WDT> I mean to compare objectively, such as:

WDT>                                     Ruby                 C++
WDT>     variable                        typless              typed
WDT>     data                            typed                typeless
WDT>     assignment                      reference            value
WDT>     pointer                         no                   yes

to be exact, all data except Fixnum/nil/true/false are represented by
references. these references are hold in variables, copied by
assignment, passed to methods and closures

-- 
Best regards,
 Bulat                            mailto:bulatz / integ.ru