NAME

   xx


SYNOPSIS

   xhtml and xml generation => twice as dirty!


USAGE

   require "xx"

   include XX::XHTML

   doc = xhtml_{
     html_{
       head_{ title_{ "  go xx!  " } }
       body_{ "  one more and it would be illegal  " }
     }
   }

   puts doc


INSTALL

   harp:~ > gem install "double x"


URIS

   http://rubyforge.org/projects/codeforpeople/
   hhtp://codeforpeople.com/xx/


DESCRIPTION

   xx is a library designed to extend ruby objects with html, xhtml, and xml
   generation methods.  the syntax provided by xx aims to make the generation
   of xml or xhtml as clean looking and natural as ruby itself, while still
   being entirely robust and safe.

   the approach taken, that of extending objects, allows natural document
   generation while preserving access to instance data.  in essence it provides
   ruby objects (including the top level 'main' object) mixin ability to
   generate various markup views of their data in a way that is correct and
   elegant.

   xx is brought to you by the good folks at http://eparklabs.com.


SAMPLES

   <========< samples/a.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/a.rb

     require "xx"
     include XX::XHTML
     #
     # xx modules extend any object with natural document markup methods.  the
     # special 'tag_name_(attributes){ block }' is a bit odd first but, as you will
     # see, has many important properties
     #

     puts xhtml_{
       html_{
         head_{ title_{ " go xx! " } }
         body_{ " one more 'x' and it would be illegal " }
       }
     }

   ~ > ruby samples/a.rb

         <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
         <html lang='en' xml:lang='en' xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml'>
           <head>
             <title> go xx! </title>
           </head>
           <body> one more &apos;x&apos; and it would be illegal </body>
         </html>


   <========< samples/b.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/b.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # xx doesn't name clash
     #
     class C
       include XX::XHTML

       attr 'body'

       def initialize
         @body = 'body'
       end

       def to_html
         xhtml_{ html_{ body_{   body   } } }
       end
     end

     puts C.new.to_html

   ~ > ruby samples/b.rb

         <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
         <html lang='en' xml:lang='en' xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml'>
           <body>body</body>
         </html>


   <========< samples/c.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/c.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # no reserved words prohibiting tags - oh, and xml too.  also note the
     # blockless form of tag generation which is also supported
     #
     class C
       include XX::XML

       attr 'table'

       def initialize
         @table = %w( a b c ), %w( 1 2 3 )
       end

       def to_xml
         xml_{
           class_{ self.class }
           object_id_{ 42 }
           send_ 'send'
           exit_ 'exit'

           table_{
             table.each do |row|
               tr_{
                 row.each do |cell|
                   td_ cell
                 end
               }
             end
           }
         }
       end
     end

     puts C.new.to_xml.pretty # auto indentation with 'pretty'

   ~ > ruby samples/c.rb

         <?xml version='1.0'?>
         <class>C<object_id>42</object_id>
           <send>send</send>
           <exit>exit</exit>
           <table>
             <tr>
               <td>a</td>
               <td>b</td>
               <td>c</td>
             </tr>
             <tr>
               <td>1</td>
               <td>2</td>
               <td>3</td>
             </tr>
           </table>
         </class>


   <========< samples/d.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/d.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # the brackets make it dang easy to bounce on the '%' key (or whatever key
     # matches braces in your editor) to balance tags.  and the phrase '_{' is very
     # useful for searching huge doccuments for tag generation methods
     #
     class C
       include XX::XML

       def to_xml
         xml_{ a_{ b_{ c_{ d_{ e_{ f_{ '  but am i balanced?  ' }}}}}}}  # vim will tell you!
       end
     end

     puts C.new.to_xml

   ~ > ruby samples/d.rb

     <?xml version='1.0'?><a><b><c><d><e><f> but am i balanced? </f></e></d></c></b></a>


   <========< samples/e.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/e.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # the handy '_' method can bail you out when your tags aren't valid ruby
     # syntax
     #

     include XX::XML

     puts xml_{ _('mething missing is cool'){ 'but not always the best fit' } }

   ~ > ruby samples/e.rb

     <?xml version='1.0'?><mething missing is cool>but not always the best fit</mething missing is cool>


   <========< samples/f.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/f.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # '_' really bails you out for namespaces
     #
     module Furniture
       class Table
         include XX::XML

         attr 'legs'

         def initialize
           @legs = %w[ 1 2 3 4 ]
         end

         def to_xml
           xml_{
             _('furniture:table', 'xmlns:f' => 'http://www.w3schools.com/furniture'){
               legs.each{|leg|
                 _('furniture:leg'){ "leg #{ leg }" }
               }
             }
           }
         end
       end
     end

     #
     # xml types don't get formatted by default - use pretty for that
     #
     puts Furniture::Table.new.to_xml.pretty

   ~ > ruby samples/f.rb

         <?xml version='1.0'?>
         <furniture:table xmlns:f='http://www.w3schools.com/furniture'>
           <furniture:leg>leg 1</furniture:leg>
           <furniture:leg>leg 2</furniture:leg>
           <furniture:leg>leg 3</furniture:leg>
           <furniture:leg>leg 4</furniture:leg>
         </furniture:table>


   <========< samples/g.rb >========>

   ~ > cat samples/g.rb

     require "xx"
     #
     # there are bunch of shorthand methods - each is 'escaped' via a double
     # underscore
     #
     include XX::XHTML
     include XX::XML

     puts xml_{ t__{ 'this is text data' } }
     puts xml_{ x__{ '<xml> in raw form, nothing is auto-escaped </xml>' } }
     puts xml_{ h__{ '<html> entities like & are ignored </html>' } }
     puts xml_{ c__{ 'cdata' } }
     puts xml_{ tag_(a__('k=v, x=y')){ 'a__ is a handy attribute parser' } }
     puts xml_{ tag_(y__('k: v, a: b')){ 'y__ is too - yaml style' } }

   ~ > ruby samples/g.rb

     <?xml version='1.0'?>this is text data
     <?xml version='1.0'?><xml> in raw form, nothing is auto-escaped </xml>
     <?xml version='1.0'?><html> entities like & are ignored </html>
     <?xml version='1.0'?><![CDATA[cdata]]>
     <?xml version='1.0'?><tag k='v' x='y'>a__ is a handy attribute parser</tag>
     <?xml version='1.0'?><tag k='v' a='b'>y__ is too - yaml style</tag>


HISTORY

   2.0.0:

     - !!!!!!! NOT BACKWARD COMPATIBLE WITH 1.X.X VERSIONS !!!!!!!

     _ the special method '_' can now be used to generate any tag

         _(:td, :width => 600, :height => 400){ 'content' }

       this enables xml namespaces!

         xml_{

           _('furniture:table', 'xmlns:f' => 'http://www.w3schools.com/furniture'){
             ...
             ...
             ...
           }

         }

     - all the special escaping class of methods have been changed from one to
       two underscores

         g_ => g__  ## tag generator, now same as '_'
         t_ => t__  ## xml text node generator
         x_ => x__  ## raw xml, no escaping
         h_ => h__  ## escaped only html entities
         c_ => c__  ## cdata
         a_ => a__  ## parse attribute string
         y_ => y__  ## parse yaml attribute string

       as you can see, this is consistent with the new '_' tag generation: any
       method ending with one underscord is a generator.  all methods ending in
       two are special methods.

       this is the major compatibilty breaker.  sorry, but the new method is
       much more consistent and less typing.

     - fixed bug with rexml changes in 1.8.5 regarding order of sending doc
       preamble

   0.1.0:
     - added the "g_" method, which generates any tag
                                                    ^
         g_("anytag", "key" => "value"){ b_{ "bold" } }

     - added at_ and att_ methods to parse yaml and k=v strings as hashes.

         at_("src : image.jpg, width : 100%")

           #=> {"src"=>"image.jpg", "width"=> "100%"}

   0.0.0:
     - initial version


AUTHORS

   dan fitzpatrick <dan / eparklabs.com>
   ara.t.howard <ara.t.howard / eparklabs.com>


BUGS

   please send bug reports to /dev/null.  patches to addresses above.  ;-)


LICENSE

   ePark Labs Public License version 1 Copyright (c) 2005, ePark Labs, Inc. and
   contributors All rights reserved.

   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

     1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

     2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
     and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

     3. Neither the name of ePark Labs nor the names of its contributors may be
     used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
     specific prior written permission.

   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
   AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
   IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
   DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
   FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
   DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
   SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
   CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
   OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

-a
-- 
we can deny everything, except that we have the possibility of being better.
simply reflect on that.
- the dalai lama