URIS

   http://rubyforge.org/projects/codeforpeople/
   http://www.codeforpeople.com/lib/ruby/

SYNOPSIS

   open child process with handles on pid, stdin, stdout, and stderr: manage
   child processes and their io handles easily.

HISTORY

   0.5.0:
     - on the suggestion of tim pease (thanks tim!), i added timeout features
       to open4.  the command run may have an overall timeout and individual
       timeouts set for each of the io handles.  for example

         cmd = 'command_that_produce_out_at_one_second_intervals'

         open4.spawn cmd, :stdout_timeout => 2

       or

         cmd = 'command_that_should_complete_in_about_one_minute'

         open4.spawn cmd, :timeout => 60

       or

         cmd = 'consumes_input_at_one_line_per_second_rate'

         input = %w( 42 forty-two 42.0 )

         open4.spawn cmd, :stdin=>input, :stdin_timeout=>1

     - added 'open4' alias so one can write

         open4.spawn  vs Open4.spawn

       or even

         open4(cmd) do |pid,i,o,e|
         end

     - added signal info to SpawnError

   0.4.0:
     - improved error handling contributed by jordan breeding.
     - introduction of background/bg method

   0.3.0 :
     - bug fix from jordan breeding.  general clean up.  added spawn method.

   0.2.0 :
     - added exception marshaled from child -> parent when exec fails.  thanks
       to jordan breeding for a patch (yay!) and paul brannan for this most
       excellent idea.

   0.1.0 :
     - fixed docs to correctly show return value of popen4 (pid first not last).
       thanks Stefanie Tellex <stefie10 / alum.mit.edu> for catching this.
   0.0.0 :
     - initial version

INSTALL

   ~> gem install open4

SAMPLES

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   simple usage
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/simple.rb
     require "open4"

     pid, stdin, stdout, stderr = Open4::popen4 "sh"

     stdin.puts "echo 42.out"
     stdin.puts "echo 42.err 1>&2"
     stdin.close

     ignored, status = Process::waitpid2 pid

     puts "pid        : #{ pid }"
     puts "stdout     : #{ stdout.read.strip }"
     puts "stderr     : #{ stderr.read.strip }"
     puts "status     : #{ status.inspect }"
     puts "exitstatus : #{ status.exitstatus }"


     harp: > ruby sample/simple.rb
     pid        : 17273
     stdout     : 42.out
     stderr     : 42.err
     status     : #<Process::Status: pid=17273,exited(0)>
     exitstatus : 0


   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   in block form - the child process is automatically waited for
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/block.rb
     require 'open4'

     status =
       Open4::popen4("sh") do |pid, stdin, stdout, stderr|
         stdin.puts "echo 42.out"
         stdin.puts "echo 42.err 1>&2"
         stdin.close

         puts "pid        : #{ pid }"
         puts "stdout     : #{ stdout.read.strip }"
         puts "stderr     : #{ stderr.read.strip }"
       end

         puts "status     : #{ status.inspect }"
         puts "exitstatus : #{ status.exitstatus }"


     harp: > ruby sample/block.rb
     pid        : 17295
     stdout     : 42.out
     stderr     : 42.err
     status     : #<Process::Status: pid=17295,exited(0)>
     exitstatus : 0

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   exceptions are marshaled from child to parent if fork/exec fails
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/exception.rb
     require "open4"
     Open4::popen4 "noexist"


     harp: > ruby sample/exception.rb
     /dmsp/reference/ruby-1.8.1//lib/ruby/site_ruby/open4.rb:100:in `popen4': No such file or directory - noexist (Errno::ENOENT)
             from sample/exception.rb:3

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   the spawn method provides and even more convenient method of running a
   process, allowing any object that supports 'each', 'read', or 'to_s' to be
   given as stdin and any objects that support '<<' to be given as
   stdout/stderr.  an exception is thrown if the exec'd cmd fails (nonzero
   exitstatus) unless the option 'raise'=>false is given
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/spawn.rb
     require 'open4'
     include Open4

     cat = '  ruby -e"  ARGF.each{|line| STDOUT << line}  "  '

     stdout, stderr = '', ''
     status = spawn cat, 'stdin' => '42', 'stdout' => stdout, 'stderr' => stderr
     p status
     p stdout
     p stderr

     stdout, stderr = '', ''
     status = spawn cat, 0=>'42', 1=>stdout, 2=>stderr
     p status
     p stdout
     p stderr


     harp: > RUBYLIB=lib ruby sample/spawn.rb
     0
     "42"
     ""
     0
     "42"
     ""


   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   the bg/background method is similar to spawn, but the process is
   automatically set running in a thread.  the returned thread has several
   methods added dynamically which return the pid and blocking calls to the
   exitstatus.
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/bg.rb
     require 'yaml'
     require 'open4'
     include Open4

     stdin = '42'
     stdout = ''
     stderr = ''

     t = bg 'ruby -e"sleep 4; puts ARGF.read"', 0=>stdin, 1=>stdout, 2=>stderr

     waiter = Thread.new{ y t.pid => t.exitstatus } # t.exitstatus is a blocking call!

     while((status = t.status))
       y "status" => status
       sleep 1
     end

     waiter.join

     y "stdout" => stdout


     harp: > ruby sample/bg.rb
     ---
     status: run
     ---
     status: sleep
     ---
     status: sleep
     ---
     status: sleep
     ---
     21357: 0
     ---
     stdout: "42\n"

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   the timeout methods can be used to ensure execution is preceding at the
   desired interval.  note also how to setup a 'pipeline'
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

     harp: > cat sample/stdin_timeout.rb
     require 'open4'

     producer = 'ruby -e" STDOUT.sync = true; loop{sleep(rand+rand) and puts 42} "'

     consumer = 'ruby -e" STDOUT.sync = true; STDIN.each{|line| puts line} "'

     open4(producer) do |pid, i, o, e|

       open4.spawn consumer, :stdin=>o, :stdout=>STDOUT, :stdin_timeout => 1.4

     end


     harp: > ruby sample/stdin_timeout.rb
     42
     42
     42
     42
     42
     /dmsp/reference/ruby-1.8.1//lib/ruby/1.8/timeout.rb:42:in `relay': execution expired (Timeout::Error)

AUTHOR

   ara.t.howard / noaa.gov

LICENSE

   ruby's



enjoy.

-a
-- 
to foster inner awareness, introspection, and reasoning is more efficient than
meditation and prayer.
- h.h. the 14th dali lama