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Ruby Weekly News 26th June - 2nd July 2006
==========================================

   Ruby Weekly News is a summary of the week's activity on the
   ruby-talk mailing list / the comp.lang.ruby newsgroup / Ruby forum,
   brought to you by Tim Sutherland.

   [ Contribute to the next newsletter ]

Articles and Announcements
==========================

     * European Rails Conf -- talk proposals now being accepted (ruby-talk) 
     ======================================================================

       David A. Black: "We're now accepting proposals for talks at the
       European Rails Conference, to be held September 14-15 in London.
       Accepted speakers will get free admission to the conference."

       Proposals must be submitted by July 21, 2006.

       "David, for Ruby Central, Inc. and Skills Matter, Ltd., co-producers
       of the 2006 European Rails Conference".

User Group News
===============

     * European Rubyists (ruby-talk) 
     -------------------------------

       Austin Ziegler is taking a vacation in Europe soon, and would like to
       meet up with European Rubyists.

     * Munich.rb -- User Group Meeting in Munich, Germany (ruby-talk) 
     ----------------------------------------------------------------

       Urban Hafner's trying to organise a meeting in Munich on July 15th or
       16th, in response to Austin's message that he'd be in Munich some time
       in July. Is anyone else interested?

     * Ruby Ireland - Irish ruby and rails user group (comp.lang.ruby) 
     -----------------------------------------------------------------

       Aidan Finn has formed a mailing list for Irish Ruby users who are keen
       on forming Ruby and/or Rails groups.

     * Northern Virginia Ruby user's group meeting 6/28/06 (ruby-talk) 
     -----------------------------------------------------------------

       The NovaRUG group (Northern Virginia, U.S.) met on the 28th June. The
       next meeting is on July 19.

Threads
=======

  RAA and web services? (ruby-talk)
  ---------------------------------

   Daniel Berger: "Does the RAA have any sort of web service backend? I saw
   hints that it might be added at some point but nothing definite."

   There were not yet any replies.

  Iconv and incompatible encodings (ruby-talk)
  --------------------------------------------

   Alex Young wanted to "lossily convert between partially incompatible
   encodings", such as from UTF-8 to 7-bit ASCII.

   Paul Battley said that the iconv library has "//IGNORE" and "//TRANSLIT"
   options for ignoring or transliterating unconvertable characters. He gave
   the example of converting "caffè¢ into "caff" or "caff`e", and also showed
   how to turn it into "caffe" with the Unicode library.

  Why is there no Smalltalk-like IDE for Ruby? (comp.lang.ruby)
  -------------------------------------------------------------

   See also the same topic in ruby-talk.

   Joseph Moore: "I shout my question to the entire Ruby + Smalltalk
   community: Smalltalk has had amazing IDEs for decades, why not Ruby?
   Smalltalkers, Ruby needs your help!"

   There were many replies.
   
   The Smalltalk language itself has a high level of integration with its
   development environment, rather than the IDE being bolted-on as an
   after-thought.

   In Ruby (as with most languages) the entire `world' of the program is
   re-created each time it is run, whereas a Smalltalk program is
   image-based (in most implementations), and evolves over time,
   preserving its state even when it is `restarted'.

   So, for example, in order for a Ruby IDE to work out what methods a class
   has, it must perform complex analysis of the static source code text (and
   since methods may be conditionally defined at runtime, this is impossible
   to do perfectly in all cases). In Smalltalk, the system knows what methods
   the class has: it just needs to look at its current state.

   Some advantages of Ruby's `re-create world from plain-text sources files',
   and in general having a separation between development environment and
   language runtime, were also put forward.

  m17n and unicode (ruby-talk)
  ----------------------------

   The difference between m17n and unicode, as described by Logan Capaldo:

   > Unicode says, lets make ONE universal character set and map all our
   > strings into it.
   >
   > m17n says not every language is the same, not every concept of a
   > character is the same, let's support all the languages and character
   > sets we can.
   >
   > Ruby's m17n will have support for Unicode, but it will be an option for
   > an encoding, not the only encoding.

  Summer of code: ruby-breakpoint GUI client (ruby-talk)
  ------------------------------------------------------

   Florian Gross' Google Summer of Code project (ruby-breakpoint
   improvements) was discussed, particularly regarding a GUI vs web interface
   for visualising Ruby objects.

   Florian: "I still think that a real GUI client will be able to do things
   that are hard to do with a web one, though, so I'll focus on the GUI one
   first."

  Rational about the Gem package format? (ruby-talk)
  --------------------------------------------------

   Why is the gem package format a tarball containing files "data.tar.gz" and
   "metadata.gz" (plus now two corresponding ".sig" files)?

   "Why not just have the metadata stored in with the data and not worry
   about double layers?", asked Trans.

   Mauricio Fernandez explained that to extract a single file from a .tar.gz
   (gzipped tarball), you must first decompress the entire file, so if this
   was necessary then extracting the meta-data would be slow and use a lot of
   memory. (Although he noted that RubyGems currently decompresses the entire
   file into memory anyway.)

   The format is also easy to extend - simply add more files to the outer
   layer. As well, the "data.tar.gz" can be constructed before "metadata.gz",
   enabling the latter to easily store a cryptographic digest of the data.

  Regex Comparison Causing Massive Memory Usage (ruby-talk)
  ---------------------------------------------------------

   A regular expression in Charset.is_utf8(str) from the SOAP library was
   examined after Mike Harris reported that passing in a 200 KB string
   resulted in memory usage exceeding 2 GB.

   Xavier Noria said that the regex could potentially cause a lot of
   unnecessary backtracking, and Florian Gross proposed a change to prevent
   the problem.

  QInputDialog syntax (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------------

   Graham Smith was having trouble converting between the C++ syntax used in
   the Qt documentation, and what is needed for QtRuby.
   (Qt is a multi-platform GUI toolkit, used most prominently in KDE.)

   Ed Borasky highly recommended the "Rapid GUI Development with QtRuby"
   PDF from the Pragmatic Bookshelf. It's written by Caleb Tennis and costs
   US$8.50 (it's a "Friday" book).

   Pau Garcia i Quiles seconded the recommendation, and also said
   "C++ GUI Programming with Qt3" is a good book if you're going to be
   doing serious Qt development (even though it is C++ oriented).

   Your editor stopped halfway through writing this summary to buy the PDF,
   and it does indeed look like a nice introduction :-)

  Time To Pick the Mongrel BUGS Mascot! (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------------------------------

   Zed Shaw (the author of the Mongrel Ruby web application server) was sent
   a page of "ugly ugly ugly dogs" by Bradley Taylor, and he just had to use
   one of them for the Mongrel BUGS mascot (replacing the current beetle).

   The group sent in their favourite choices. "I like MISS ELLIE" was all
   James Edward Gray II had to say.

  RedLetter Ruby Journal (ruby-talk)
  ----------------------------------

   The "RedLetter Ruby Journal" faltered without any publications, as its
   editor Sam Flywheel was apparently unable to attract enough writers.

   Several people complained that they had not yet received refunds on their
   subscriptions despite requesting them, and Pat Eyler noticed Sam had now
   announced "Tabula: The Journal of MySQL Development".

  PDF::Writer and i18n (comp.lang.ruby)
  -------------------------------------

   Pawel Chmielewski asked about representing non-English characters with
   PDF::Writer, as the library didn't appear to support UTF-8.

   Austin Ziegler, the library's author, said that PDF::Writer will never
   support UTF-8 directly, because its not in the PDF standard.

   The default character set used by PDF::Writer is similar to Latin-1, and
   additional characters are supported via "encoding character maps". This is
   briefly described in the PDF::Writer manual, and the documentation will be
   expanded in the next release.

  creating graphical application with video (ruby-talk)
  -----------------------------------------------------

   Geert Fannes: "I have to teach my sister how to create an application that
   can show pictures and small video files on a windows-based system and get
   some user input in return. Being able to work fullscreen is optional, but
   would be nice."

   Ilmari Heikkinen suggested Ruby/SDL or Ruby-GNOME2 + gstreamer.

   Geert managed to get streaming video working with Ruby/SDL, using the
   "smpeg" library, but felt its performance wasn't very good. He plans to
   try SDL with "ffmpeg" instead (and hopes there is an existing Ruby library
   wrapping SDL/ffmpeg).

   "The good thing is that I could compile both SDL and ffmpeg using MinGW"
   under Windows.

  C-Style Ints (#85) (ruby-talk)
  ------------------------------

   Ruby Quiz this week is by Aaron Patterson.

   > Write a class that can represent a signed or unsigned number with an
   > arbitrary number of bits. This class should support all bitwise
   > operations ( & ^ ~ | ), basic math operations ( + - / * ), and
   > comparison operators.

New Releases
============

  RubyScript2Exe 0.4.3 (ruby-talk)
  --------------------------------

   Erik Veenstra made a new RubyScript2Exe release, with improved RubyGems
   support, and followed it up with version 0.4.4 to fix a bug that was
   introduced.

   "RubyScript2Exe transforms your Ruby script into a standalone, compressed
   Windows, Linux or Mac OS X (Darwin) executable."

  id3lib-ruby 0.4.0 (Unicode fixes) (ruby-talk)
  ---------------------------------------------

   id3lib-ruby by Robin Stocker now works properly with Unicode frames, and
   some methods in the API were renamed.

  KirbyBase 2.6 (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------

   Jamey Cribbs: "I would like to announce version 2.6 of KirbyBase, a small,
   pure-Ruby database management system that stores its data in plain-text
   files."

   It no longer over-rides NilClass#method_missing.

  na_str-0.0.0 : combining narray with mmap for persistant numerical data
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
  (ruby-talk)
  -----------

   na_str is a new library that will intrigue users of NArray (a library for
   "fast calculation and easy manipulation of large numerical arrays into the
   Ruby language").

   Written by Ara. T. Howard, it provides a way of sharing NArray data with
   other Ruby objects. An example library, na_map, combines NArray and mmap
   so that data can be modified "with no explicit io on the users part and
   partial change[s] to numerical grids can occur very quickly and
   persistently."

   Interestingly, na_str uses rb_str_new4() internally. This creates a string
   that shares an internal memory region with another.

  Mongrel 0.3.13.3 Needs Debuggers (ruby-talk)
  --------------------------------------------

   Zed Shaw needs people to test the 0.3.13.3 pre-release.

   See also Mongrel 0.3.13.2 Pre-Release-RailsConf, which included a change
   to try and "reap dead threads as soon as possible," especially when there
   are too many open files.

  For SciTE Users: Snippets (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------------------

   Mitchell Foral created a Lua module for SciTE that mimicks the Textmate
   editor's "snippet" system.

   From the documentation:

   > Basically, snippets are pieces of text inserted into a document, but can
   > execute shell code at run-time, contain placeholders for additional
   > information to be added, and make simple transforms on that information.
   > This is much more powerful than SciTE's abbreviation expansion system.

   The website includes screencasts.

  RMagick 1.13.0 (comp.lang.ruby)
  -------------------------------

   RMagick, the Ruby library for the ImageMagick and GraphicsMagick
   image-manipulation libraries, had some bugs fixed and features added,
   including Image#auto_orient to automatically orient an image from its EXIF
   data.

   > If you're using a web hosting service and it has a very old version of
   > RMagick installed, please consider asking your service provider to
   > upgrade. I've fixed several memory leaks in recent releases so if you're
   > running into memory usage problems with your web app upgrading could
   > really pay off.

  fUnit-0.1.3 - A Fortran Unit Testing Framework (comp.lang.ruby)
  ---------------------------------------------------------------

   Bil Kleb posted "funit", a Fortran unit testing framework (where you write
   tests in Ruby).

  Radiant CMS 0.5 - Grindstone (ruby-talk)
  ----------------------------------------

   John W. Long quietly set loose the first official release of Radiant, "a
   no-fluff content management system designed for small teams."

  Ruby Reports 0.4.11 (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------------

   Ruport 0.4.11, the "Mr. Sparkle" Edition, was released by Gregory Brown.
   This is a cleanup and bugfix release, and also has a couple of new
   features.

   In other news, Dudley Flanders has joined the project as a developer, more
   documentation will soon be written (including a Ruport cookbook), and the
   developers now hang out on the #ruport IRC channel on freenode.

  RubyGems 0.9.0 Release (ruby-talk)
  ----------------------------------

   Jim Weirich announced the "much anticipated" release of RubyGems 0.9.0.

   > This release includes a number of new features and bug fixes. The number
   > one change is that we can now download the gem index incrementally. This
   > will greatly speed up the gem command when only a few gems are out of
   > date.

   Support for authenticating proxies and improved integration with
   documentation tools were also added.

  mkrf 0.1.0 released (ruby-talk)
  -------------------------------

   Kevin Clark's mkrf had its first release. mkrf is similar in purpose to
   mkmf (and mkmf2), but creates Rakefiles instead of Makefiles (it is used
   for building Ruby C extensions).

   Asked how it compares with mkmf2, he enumerated advantages of using
   Rakefiles over Makefiles (gem packaging, rdoc generation built in ...),
   and also said he was keeping the code clean so it could be incorporated
   into RubyGems at some point.

  Ruby-GNOME2-0.15.0 (ruby-talk)
  ------------------------------

   Masao Mutoh released Ruby-GNOME2-0.15.0. It now includes Ruby interfaces
   to VTE (terminal emulator widget), Poppler (PDF rendering library), bug
   fixes and other improvements.