> s = '0123456789'
> s.scan(/\d\d/) #-> ["01", "23", "45", "67", "89"]
>
> Now I want to exclude "45".
> How can I express it in the regex?
> When it's only one character, I can use ^.
> But for 2 characters, I don't think I can use it.
>
> What I want is:
>
> s = '0123456789'
> s.scan(some_regex) #-> ["01", "23", "67", "89"]

Negative lookahead:
s.scan /(?!4|5)\d\d/
Note the OR sign ('|') between the digits, otherwise it would produce:
["01", "23", "56", "78"]

You need to tune it to your exact domain.

Cheers,
Assaph