Issue #16288 has been updated by davidw (David Welton).



> --- a/thread.c
> +++ b/thread.c
> @@ -682,7 +682,7 @@ thread_do_start(rb_thread_t *th)
>          else {
>              args_ptr = RARRAY_CONST_PTR(args);
>          }
> -
> +        rb_funcallv(NULL, idInspect, 0, 0);
>          th->value = rb_vm_invoke_proc(th->ec, proc,
>                                        (int)args_len, args_ptr,
>                                        VM_BLOCK_HANDLER_NONE);
> 


I replaced the funcall with

    RUBY_VM_CHECK_INTS(GET_EC());

And everything seems to work ok.

I realized that even in 'normal' circumstances, Ruby does not wait for threads to finish; the programmer must request that, so I'm not sure that's actually correct.

With the above patch, I don't get the segfault any more.

I don't have nearly enough familiarity with the internals to know if this is actually the best or most correct way of fixing the problem though.

Thank you

----------------------------------------
Bug #16288: Segmentation fault with finalizers, threads
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/16288#change-83251

* Author: davidw (David Welton)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Target version: 
* ruby -v: ruby 2.6.6p116 (2019-10-02 revision 67825) [x86_64-linux]
* Backport: 2.5: UNKNOWN, 2.6: UNKNOWN
----------------------------------------
Hi,

This is a tricky one and I am still working on narrowing it down, but I will report what I have so far.

I compiled a version of 2_6_6 from github: ruby 2.6.6p116 (2019-10-02 revision 67825) [x86_64-linux]

I have a minimal Rails project that uses Mongoid. It crashes with a segmentation fault when rspec runs. The concurrent ruby gem is in some way involved, and I have been posting there: https://github.com/ruby-concurrency/concurrent-ruby/issues/808

However, I think there is a deeper problem - I would not expect a user level script to cause a segmentation fault.

I have been putting a lot of debugging statements in, and turned on Thread.DEBUG, and have noticed some things. I am not experienced with Ruby's internals, so some of these bits of data might be normal or irrelevant:

* The concurrent-ruby gem uses ObjectSpace.define_finalizer to set a finalizer
* That finalizer creates a new Thread
* However, it appears as if that thread is running after the main thread is already dead, so code that expects to reference the main thread crashes, because it's a NULL reference.

I tried the following test code:

```
class Foo
  def initialize
    ObjectSpace.define_finalizer(self, proc do
                                   Foo.foo_finalizer
                                 end)
  end

  def bar
    puts 'bar'
  end

  def Foo.foo_finalizer
    puts "foo_finalizer"
    t = Thread.new do
      puts "Thread reporting for duty"
    end
    puts "foo_finalizer thread launched"
    sleep 5
  end
end

f = Foo.new
f.bar
f = nil
```

While trying to develop a simple test case to demonstrate the problem. It triggers rb_raise(rb_eThreadError, "can't alloc thread"); in thread_s_new, because it looks like the main thread has already been marked as 'killed' in this case. When I check the main thread status in thread_s_new with the above code, it reports 'dead'.

When I run my rspec code in the sample Rails project, thread_s_new shows the main thread's status as 'run' even if it should be dead?

I have seen some debugging things that shows some exceptions and thread_join interrupts and so on.

Is it possible that something like this is happening?

Main thread starts doing a cleanup, and gets an exception or something that generates an interrupt, and its KILLED status gets reset to RUNNABLE

Then, in the finalizer, it starts creating a Thread, but at this point the main thread actually does get killed, and when that finalizer thread tries to run it runs into a null reference?

I can provide the Rails sample project if needs be.

Sorry if any of the above isn't clear; I've been staring at the C code for several hours and am a bit cross-eyed!

Thank you for any insights.





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