Issue #15778 has been updated by gsamokovarov (Genadi Samokovarov).


Yeah, it could be used to implement `Binding.of_caller`, but if we have the proposed API, we may not need actual `Binding.of_caller` as the tools can use `Kernel.caller_locations(debug: true)`. Our caller can be a C Frame in the case of CRuby and we may not be able to create the Ruby Binding for it, so IMO, the API should have a good signal for that. Returning a `nil` `Thread::Backtrace::Location#binding` can mean: "I cannot debug that frame". This can mean different things based on implementations: C Frames, optimized frames, etc.

IMO, the better way to get the frames is with `Kernel.caller_locations(debug: true)` and not `Binding.of_caller(2)` as in the binding of caller case, an application may need to map bindings to traces, like we currently do in tools similar to rails/web-console and this would still need custom code to do on the tool side. If the API itself solves that problem, that would be great!.

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Feature #15778: Expose an API to pry-open the stack frames in Ruby
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/15778#change-77694

* Author: gsamokovarov (Genadi Samokovarov)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: ko1 (Koichi Sasada)
* Target version: 
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Hello,

I'm the maintainer of the web-console (https://github.com/rails/web-console/) gem, where one of our features is to jump between the frames in which an error occurred. To accomplish this, I currently use the Debug Inspector CRuby API. I think we should expose this functionality in Rubyland, so tools like web-console don't need to resort to C code for this. This also makes it quite harder for me to support different implementations like JRuby or TruffleRuby as everyone is having a different way to create Ruby Binding objects that represent the frames.

Here the API ideas:

Add `Thread::Backtrace::Location#binding` method that can create a binding for a specific caller of the current frame. We can reuse the existing `Kernel.caller_locations` method to generate the array of `Thread::Backtrace::Location` objects. We can optionally have the `Kernel.caller_locations(debug: true)` argument if we cannot generate the bindings lazily on the VM that can instruct the VM to do the slower operation.

- `Thread::Backtrace::Location#binding` returns `Binding|nil`. Nil result may mean that the current location is a C frame or a JITted/optimized frame and we cannot debug it.

We can also expose the DebugInspector API directly, as done in the https://github.com/banister/debug_inspector gem, but for tools like web-console, we'd need to map the bindings with the backtrace, as we cannot generate Bindings for every frame (C frames) and this needs to be done in application code, so I think the `Thread::Backtrace::Location#binding` is the better API for Ruby-land.

Such API can help us eventually write most of our debuggers in Ruby as right now we don't have a way to do Post-Mortem debugging without native code or even start our debuggers without monkey-patching `Binding`.

I have presented this idea in a RubyKaigi's 2019 talk called "Writing Debuggers in Plain Ruby", you can check-out the slides for more context: http://kaigi-debuggers-in-ruby.herokuapp.com.



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