Issue #15773 has been reported by nicolasnoble (Nicolas Noble).

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Bug #15773: Net::HTTP doesn't try next IP address in case of timeout
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/15773

* Author: nicolasnoble (Nicolas Noble)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Target version: 
* ruby -v: 
* Backport: 2.4: UNKNOWN, 2.5: UNKNOWN, 2.6: UNKNOWN
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This example requires to have a working IPv6 address. Since IPv6 is used in first priority, I am using it to demonstrate the problem, but it exists with plain IPv4, which will be more round-robin-style, so less deterministic to show a reproduction case. I have made two URLs that have both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses: http://ipv6.grumpycoder.net/ and http://bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net/ - both URLs should work in an IPv6-enabled web browser, as well as curl or wget for instance. The difference is that the bad-ipv6 subdomain doesn't have an IPv6 that will actually connect. Therefore, browsers, curl and wget will fallback to using the IPv4 when the initial IPv6 connection attempt failed:

```
$ wget -T1 http://bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net -O - # demonstrating using wget because its output is more clear than curl's verbose
--2019-04-16 15:56:52--  http://bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net/
Resolving bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net (bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net)... 2001:bc8:3690:200::2, 62.210.214.144
Connecting to bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net (bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net)|2001:bc8:3690:200::2|:80... failed: Connection timed out.
Connecting to bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net (bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net)|62.210.214.144|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 45 [text/html]
Saving to: °∆STDOUT°«

-                                      0%[                                                                      ]       0  --.-KB/s               <html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>
-                                    100%[=====================================================================>]      45  --.-KB/s    in 0s

2019-04-16 15:56:53 (6.55 MB/s) - written to stdout [45/45]

```

However, in Ruby, using Net::HTTP (or OpenURI), that's not going to be the case:

```
$ ruby bad-ipv6.rb
http://ipv6.grumpycoder.net
<html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>
http://bad-ipv6.grumpycoder.net
Net::OpenTimeout: execution expired
```

Contents of my test file:

```ruby
require 'open-uri'

['ipv6', 'bad-ipv6'].each do |s|
  url = 'http://%s.grumpycoder.net' %[s]
  puts url
  begin
    puts open(url).read
  rescue StandardError => e
    puts "#{e.class}: #{e.message}"
    next
  end
end
```

The proper behavior should be to retry the next IP address and exhaust all of the IPs in the DNS resolution results before throwing out an error.



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