Issue #15156 has been reported by v0dro (Sameer Deshmukh).

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Feature #15156: Have a 'c_headers' specifier in Gem::Specification.
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/15156

* Author: v0dro (Sameer Deshmukh)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Target version: 
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Currently if one Ruby gem depends on the C extension of another Ruby gem, the only way
find the header of that gem is to run a `Gem::Specification.find_by_name` in the extconf.rb
of the gem needing the header and then adding the folder containing the header relative to
that path.

This approach is error-prone for three reasons:
+ It relies on the gem developer to do the hard work of finding out exactly where the needed
header file is located inside the sources of the gem.
+ It assumes that the location of header file will never change irrespective of gem releases.
+ The gem author then needs to re-dig the sources of the source gem to find where the header
is now located.

This is a considerable maintainence burden, especially given that there is no 'standard' way
of keeping public header files for C extensions of ruby gems.

I propose a new approach that will allow a gem developer to specify the path of the public
C header files in a new attribute within `Gem::Specification` in the gemspec of the source
gem. Thus, if someone wants to use the public headers of a gem, they can simply add the
following lines to their `extconf.rb`:

``` ruby
spec = Gem::Specification.find_by_name 'source-gem-name', 'source-gem-version'
find_header("source_gem.h", *spec.c_headers)
```

The way the source gem can specify the header file in their `source-gem-name.gemspec` can
be like so:

``` ruby
Gem::Specification.new do |spec|
  # lots of other specs
  spec.c_headers = ["path/to/headers/1", "path/to/headers/2"]
end
```




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