Issue #14908 has been updated by shyouhei (Shyouhei Urabe).


No objection.  I guess @nobu is trying to fix it.

----------------------------------------
Bug #14908: Enumerator::Lazy creates unnecessary Array objects.
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/14908#change-74080

* Author: chopraanmol1 (Anmol Chopra)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Target version: 
* ruby -v: ruby 2.6.0dev (2018-07-11 trunk 63949) [x86_64-linux]
* Backport: 2.3: UNKNOWN, 2.4: UNKNOWN, 2.5: UNKNOWN
----------------------------------------
Benchmark result on trunk:
~~~
                 user     system      total        real
Lazy:        0.120000   0.000000   0.120000 (  0.119958)
Normal:      0.056000   0.004000   0.060000 (  0.062848)
             2.142857   0.000000        NaN (  1.908698)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Lazy:
Total allocated: 122240 bytes (3033 objects)
Total retained:  0 bytes (0 objects)

allocated memory by class
--------------------------------------------------
    120480  Array
       880  Proc
       384  Enumerator::Lazy
       264  Object
       168  Enumerator::Generator
        64  Enumerator::Yielder

allocated objects by class
--------------------------------------------------
      3012  Array
        11  Proc
         3  Enumerator::Generator
         3  Enumerator::Lazy
         3  Object
         1  Enumerator::Yielder
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Normal:
Total allocated: 72120 bytes (3 objects)
Total retained:  0 bytes (0 objects)

allocated memory by class
--------------------------------------------------
     72120  Array

allocated objects by class
--------------------------------------------------
         3  Array
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

~~~

As you may observe an extra array is created for every final element. Enumerator::Yielder#yield method has arity of -1 which wrap every elements in array. The same goes for Enumerator::Yielder#<< method, I'm proposing to change arity for Enumerator::Yielder#<< to 1 from -1 and use it internally for the lazy enum. It will also make << method definition consistent with other classes(Array, String & etc).

I've applied the following set of changes:

**https://github.com/ruby/ruby/pull/1912**

which result in the following:

~~~
                 user     system      total        real
Lazy:        0.108000   0.000000   0.108000 (  0.108484)
Normal:      0.052000   0.008000   0.060000 (  0.062528)
             2.076923   0.000000        NaN (  1.734961)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Lazy:
Total allocated: 2240 bytes (33 objects)
Total retained:  0 bytes (0 objects)

allocated memory by class
--------------------------------------------------
       880  Proc
       480  Array
       384  Enumerator::Lazy
       264  Object
       168  Enumerator::Generator
        64  Enumerator::Yielder

allocated objects by class
--------------------------------------------------
        12  Array
        11  Proc
         3  Enumerator::Generator
         3  Enumerator::Lazy
         3  Object
         1  Enumerator::Yielder
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Normal:
Total allocated: 72120 bytes (3 objects)
Total retained:  0 bytes (0 objects)

allocated memory by class
--------------------------------------------------
     72120  Array

allocated objects by class
--------------------------------------------------
         3  Array
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
~~~

This changes reduces the memory utilization and also by a tiny fraction improves performance for the lazy enumerator 


---Files--------------------------------
lazy_test.rb (1.26 KB)


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