Issue #14570 has been updated by graywolf (Gray Wolf).


If the behaviour is adjusted to reflect the filesystem, it would be nice to do the same for `__FILE__` (and I assume also `__dir__`). At the moment `__FILE__` doesn't necessarily match file system casing. Again, same as in the post above, since windows are case insensitive it's not technically a bug, but if `File.realpath` (`expand_path`) are changed to reflect real casing, `__FILE__` should probably also be changed.

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Bug #14570: Wired behavior of File.expand_path() on Windows
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/14570#change-70757

* Author: larskanis (Lars Kanis)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Target version: 
* ruby -v: ruby 2.6.0dev (2018-02-22 trunk 62518) [x64-mingw32]
* Backport: 2.3: UNKNOWN, 2.4: UNKNOWN, 2.5: UNKNOWN
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`File.realpath` returns the path with the same upper/lower case characters as the input parameter. But `File.expand_path` is different. It adjusts the last part of the path (and only this) to the upper/lower case characters given from the file system.


```
require "fileutils"
FileUtils.mkdir_p("TestDir/abC/Xyz")

File.expand_path("testdir") # => "C:/Users/lars/TestDir"
File.expand_path("testdir/abc") # => "C:/Users/lars/testdir/abC"
File.expand_path("testdir/abc/XYZ") # => "C:/Users/lars/testdir/abc/Xyz"

File.realpath("testdir") # => "C:/Users/lars/testdir"
File.realpath("testdir/abc") # => "C:/Users/lars/testdir/abc"
File.realpath("testdir/abc/XYZ") # => "C:/Users/lars/testdir/abc/XYZ"
```

The file system on Windows is case insensitive. So this is not really a bug, but it's inconsistent and unexpected. I would expect that `File.expand_path` returns a path with upper/lowercase either entirely retrieved from the input parameter or from the file system, but not a mixture of both. I would also expect that `File.realpath` and `File.expand_path` have the same semantics in this regard.


Same behavior on `ruby 2.2.2p95 (2015-04-13 revision 50295) [x64-mingw32]`




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