Issue #12430 has been reported by Gregory Brown.

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Bug #12430: Segfault in irb when improperly using coerce in combination with method_missing
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/12430

* Author: Gregory Brown
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* ruby -v: 
* Backport: 2.1: UNKNOWN, 2.2: UNKNOWN, 2.3: UNKNOWN
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Don't ask how or why I wrote this code, but suppose you have a class like this:

~~~
class BrokenNumber
  def initialize(num)
    @num = num
  end

  def method_missing(m, *a, &b)
    @num.send(m, *a, &b)
  end

  def coerce(other)
    [self, self]
  end
end
~~~

Then you require this code in IRB, and you create a new instance (x) and you then call 2+x.

The first call will raise a SystemStackError. The second will cause a segmentation fault.

~~~
>> require "./broken"
=> true
>> x = BrokenNumber.new(2)
=> #<BrokenNumber:0x007f8b5a84c190 @num=2>
>> 2 + x
SystemStackError: stack level too deep
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
... 7559 levels...
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `+'
	from /Users/gtb/broken.rb:7:in `method_missing'
	from (irb):3:in `+'
	from (irb):3
	from /Users/gtb/.rubies/ruby-2.3.1/bin/irb:11:in `<main>'
>> 2 + x
Segmentation fault: 11
MacBook-Pro:~ gtb$ ruby -v
ruby 2.3.1p112 (2016-04-26 revision 54768) [x86_64-darwin15]
~~~

I've asked multiple people to confirm this and they've reproduced the error. I have no clue how to debug it, but thought it may be worth mentioning... even though it's a strange corner case and invalid code.




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