Issue #9144 has been updated by Tomoyuki Chikanaga.

Backport changed from 2.0.0: REQUIRED, 2.1: REQUIRED, 2.2: REQUIRED to 2.0.0: REQUIRED, 2.1: REQUIRED, 2.2: DONE

Backported into `ruby_2_2` branch at r50564.

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Bug #9144: ptys on AIX version 4 through 7
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/9144#change-52508

* Author: Perry Smith
* Status: Closed
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* ruby -v: ruby 2.0.0p247 (2013-06-27 revision 41674) [powerpc-aix6.1.0.0]
* Backport: 2.0.0: REQUIRED, 2.1: REQUIRED, 2.2: DONE
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The best way to open a pty on AIX version 4 through 7 is using what they call "AT&T" mode.  The steps are to first open "/dev/ptc" which opens the master side.  Then to a ttyname on the file descriptor and open the string that is returned to open the slave side.

cat q.c
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  int master = open("/dev/ptc", O_RDWR);
  char *slave_name = ttyname(master);
  int slave = open(slave_name, O_RDWR);
  int n;
  char buf[128];

  printf("slave name is %s\n", slave_name);
  printf("master fd is %d, slave fd is %d\n", master, slave);
  write(master, "blah\n", 5);
  n = read(slave, buf, sizeof(buf));
  printf("n = %d\n", n);
  printf("%*.*s", n, n, buf);
  write(slave, "foodog\n", 7);
  n = read(master, buf, sizeof(buf));
  printf("n = %d\n", n);
  printf("%*.*s", n, n, buf);
  return 0;
}

make q
cc     q.c   -o q

./q
slave name is /dev/pts/9
master fd is 3, slave fd is 5
n = 5
blah
n = 14
blah
foodog

(Note that ECHO is set on the tty which is why we see 'blah' when the slave is read.)

You can also use what the ruby code calls BSD 4.2 ptys.  On my build that I did as simply as possible, I'm not sure which code I got but it is not working.  I have several versions of Ruby and all fail with "can't get Master/Slave device (RuntimeError)"  While "BSD" mode is supported and works, the "AT&T" mode is much nicer.

For AIX version 3, there was a similar approach but instead of /dev/ptc, the master was called /dev/ptm.  

The _IBMESA code in ext/pty/pty.c (which mentions AIX) I don't recognize those names.

There is no need to push any streams modules, etc.  Everything is autopushed.  You might want to add in a grantpt but I'm still not clear when and if that is needed.


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