Issue #10428 has been updated by Nobuyoshi Nakada.

Related to Bug #10432: wrong receiver of Binding from Method added

----------------------------------------
Bug #10428: Segmentation fault when modifying local variables of binding obtained from the result of Method#to_proc
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/10428#change-49912

* Author: Stanislav Gatev
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: 
* Category: 
* Target version: 
* ruby -v: 2.1.3p242 (2014-09-19 revision 47630)
* Backport: 2.0.0: UNKNOWN, 2.1: UNKNOWN
----------------------------------------
The issue pops up when Method#to_proc is called, then the binding of that proc is obtained, and one tries to modify (get/set) the local variables in that binding.

Lets examine the code below.

```
class Foo
  def bar
  end
end

instance = Foo.new
method_proc = instance.method(:bar).to_proc
b = method_proc.binding
b.local_variable_set(:value, [1, 2, 3])
```

Running this code with `ruby 2.1.3p242 (2014-09-19 revision 47630)` on OS X results in Segmentation Fault:

```
bug.rb:10: [BUG] Segmentation fault at 0x00000000000070
ruby 2.1.3p242 (2014-09-19 revision 47630) [x86_64-darwin14.0]

-- Crash Report log information --------------------------------------------
   See Crash Report log file under the one of following:
     * ~/Library/Logs/CrashReporter
     * /Library/Logs/CrashReporter
     * ~/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports
     * /Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports
   for more details.

-- Control frame information -----------------------------------------------
c:0003 p:---- s:0012 e:000011 CFUNC  :local_variable_set
c:0002 p:0053 s:0007 E:001780 EVAL   bug.rb:10 [FINISH]
c:0001 p:0000 s:0002 E:001838 TOP    [FINISH]

bug.rb:10:in `<main>'
bug.rb:10:in `local_variable_set'

-- C level backtrace information -------------------------------------------
0   libruby.2.1.0.dylib                 0x0000000104099ff0 rb_vm_bugreport + 144
1   libruby.2.1.0.dylib                 0x0000000103f4b251 report_bug + 305
2   libruby.2.1.0.dylib                 0x0000000103f4b114 rb_bug + 180
3   libruby.2.1.0.dylib                 0x000000010401c04c sigsegv + 156
4   libsystem_platform.dylib            0x00007fff8fb45f1a _sigtramp + 26
5   libruby.2.1.0.dylib                 0x0000000103f5cfe0 bind_local_variable_set + 128
6   ???                                 0x0000000000003170 0x0 + 12656

-- Other runtime information -----------------------------------------------

* Loaded script: bug.rb

* Loaded features:

    0 enumerator.so
    1 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/2.1.0/x86_64-darwin14.0/enc/encdb.bundle
    2 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/2.1.0/x86_64-darwin14.0/enc/trans/transdb.bundle
    3 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/2.1.0/x86_64-darwin14.0/rbconfig.rb
    4 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/compatibility.rb
    5 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/defaults.rb
    6 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/deprecate.rb
    7 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/errors.rb
    8 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/version.rb
    9 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/requirement.rb
   10 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/platform.rb
   11 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/basic_specification.rb
   12 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/stub_specification.rb
   13 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/specification.rb
   14 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/exceptions.rb
   15 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/core_ext/kernel_gem.rb
   16 thread.rb
   17 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/2.1.0/x86_64-darwin14.0/thread.bundle
   18 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/2.1.0/monitor.rb
   19 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems/core_ext/kernel_require.rb
   20 /Users/s2gatev/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.3/lib/ruby/site_ruby/2.1.0/rubygems.rb

[NOTE]
You may have encountered a bug in the Ruby interpreter or extension libraries.
Bug reports are welcome.
Don't forget to include the above Crash Report log file.
For details: http://www.ruby-lang.org/bugreport.html
```

I noticed the same issue is present in the trunk. The functionality for getting Proc out of Method seems to be discussed and accepted. I noticed that it was introduced with [f331b55](https://github.com/ruby/ruby/commit/f331b5584edbf106ab85f4663ddbe55031176b3a).

Perhaps I am not getting something right but I'm wondering if you have considered this scenario when introducing the change? 

I have suggested a fix on [GitHub](https://github.com/ruby/ruby/pull/746). I'm not sure if it is correct and would like to receive some feedback on it.



-- 
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