Issue #8241 has been updated by neocoin (Sangmin Ryu).


naruse (Yui NARUSE) wrote:
> neocoin (Sangmin Ryu) wrote:
> > naruse (Yui NARUSE) wrote:
> > > uri.rb is currently based on RFC 2373, and planning fix based on URL spec.
> > > http://url.spec.whatwg.org/
> > 
> > Thank for feedback.
> > 
> > 'rfc2373' is just ip v6 addressing part. This doen't include whole URI definition. 
> > ( http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2373 )
> > 
> > So rfc3986 based comment in uri/common.rb  is right. Check plz.
> 
> Oops, it is RFC 2396. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2396.txt
> 
> And on RFC 2396, host of http scheme is defined on 3.2.2. Server-based Naming Authority.
> It says
> 
>       server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]
>       userinfo      = *( unreserved | escaped |
>                          ";" | ":" | "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | "," )
>       hostport      = host [ ":" port ]
>       host          = hostname | IPv4address
>       hostname      = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ]
>       domainlabel   = alphanum | alphanum *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum
>       toplabel      = alpha | alpha *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum

Yes, you are right. I checked rfc2396 (published in Aug 1998) too through commented 'uri/common.rb'. 
That document is URI general syntax starting point. 
And in January 2005, rfc 3986  was published by rfc 2396 co-author. 
(See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Identifier#Refinement_of_specifications )
As result, rfc3986 is current standard

I think, many web service companies (ex - ddns or private address for blog company) use rfc3986 to be standard.

When I make a web crawler with ruby, second level domain ( google.com 's 'google' part) generally don't have 
a underscore and tild. I know, DNS hosting service don't permit underscore at second level domain. 
But many third domains have underscore character. ( hello_world.google.com 's 'hello_world' part).

So I check URI spec in rfc3986 several years ago and post this issue.


Find below string in http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#appendix-A

Appendix A.  Collected ABNF for URI
...
 host          = IP-literal / IPv4address / reg-name
...
 reg-name      = *( unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims )
...
 unreserved    = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"



See also. 
Python urlparse method include rfc3986
http://docs.python.org/2/library/urlparse.html






 
----------------------------------------
Bug #8241: If uri host-part has underscore ( '_' ), 'URI#parse' raise 'URI::InvalidURIError'
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/8241#change-38397

Author: neocoin (Sangmin Ryu)
Status: Open
Priority: Normal
Assignee: akira (akira yamada)
Category: core
Target version: 
ruby -v: ruby 2.0.0p0 (2013-02-24 revision 39474) [x86_64-darwin11.4.2]


First of all, 
I say 'I am sorry', if this issue making activity is rude. 
I don't know, where do I put this simple and critical issue. 
This problem was found a long time ago (1 or 2 years ). 
But problem is very clear and solution very simple.
So I wait just long time with monkey patch. 


If uri host-part has underscore ( '_' ), 'URI#parse' raise 'URI::InvalidURIError'

ex) 
=begin
>require 'uri'
>URI.parse 'http://test_strin.helo.com'
URI::InvalidURIError: the scheme http does not accept registry part: test_strin.helo.com (or bad hostname?)
from ... /.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p125/lib/ruby/1.9.1/uri/generic.rb:213:in `initialize'
>
>
> e=URI.parse('http://test_string.hello.com') rescue $!
=> #<URI::InvalidURIError: the scheme http does not accept registry part: test_string.hello.com (or bad hostname?)>
> puts e.backtrace
.../.rbenv/versions/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/2.0.0/uri/generic.rb:214:in `initialize'
.../.rbenv/versions/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/2.0.0/uri/http.rb:84:in `initialize'
.../.rbenv/versions/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/2.0.0/uri/common.rb:214:in `new'
.../.rbenv/versions/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/2.0.0/uri/common.rb:214:in `parse'
.../.rbenv/versions/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/2.0.0/uri/common.rb:747:in `parse'

vs

>URI.parse('http://teststring.hello.com') 
>#<URI::HTTP:0x007fbf31c1a078 URL:http://teststring.hello.com>
=end

This problem is made by hostname regex pattern of 'URI#split ' in uri/common.rb

https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/projects/ruby-trunk/repository/entry/lib/uri/common.rb#L368
( https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/trunk/lib/uri/common.rb#L368 )

=begin
[26] pry(main)> URI.split('http://teststring.hello.com')
=> ["http", nil, "teststring.hello.com", nil, nil, "", nil, nil, nil]     // normal

[27] pry(main)> URI.split('http://test_string.hello.com')
=> ["http", nil, nil, nil, "test_string.hello.com", "", nil, nil, nil]    // wrong

source position. 
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/projects/ruby-trunk/repository/entry/lib/uri/common.rb#L368
( https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/trunk/lib/uri/common.rb#L368 )

=begin
      # hostname      = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ]
      # reg-name      = *( unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims ) # RFC3986
      unless hostname
        ret[:HOSTNAME] = hostname = "(?:[a-zA-Z0-9\\-.]|%\\h\\h)+"
      end
=end

Through you could check source comment, 'reg-name'  in rfc3986 could be 'unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims )'

And 'unreserved' definition in rfc3986 ( http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-2.3 )

> unreserved  = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"

But hostname regex pattern has just '-' and '.' except '_' and '~'.

Please, check rfc3986 and add hostname pattern for reg-name like below.

=begin
        ret[:HOSTNAME] = hostname = "(?:[a-zA-Z0-9\\-._~]|%\\h\\h)+"
=end




-- 
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