Issue #18286 has been updated by nobu (Nobuyoshi Nakada).


Could you try with the master, and show more backtraces?

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Bug #18286: Universal arm64/x86_84 binary built on an x86_64 machine segfaults/is killed on arm64
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/18286#change-94469

* Author: ccaviness (Clay Caviness)
* Status: Open
* Priority: Normal
* ruby -v: 3.0.2
* Backport: 2.6: UNKNOWN, 2.7: UNKNOWN, 3.0: UNKNOWN
----------------------------------------
A universal arm64/x86_84 ruby binary for macOS built on a x86_64 machine segfaults/is killed when executed on an arm64 machine.

To reproduce:
* On an Intel Mac: `git clone https://github.com/ruby/ruby && cd ruby && git checkout v3_0_2 && ./autogen.sh && ./configure --with-arch=arm64,x86_64 && make -j$(sysctl -n hw.ncpu)`
* Copy the built `./ruby` binary to an Apple Silicon machine
* Attempt to execute it

Expected:
The universal `ruby` binary works correctly on both devices

Actual:
The universal `ruby` binary crashes with either `Segmentation fault: 11` or `Killed: 9` (this seems to occur if `arm64e` is used instead of `arm64`).

Details:
I'm attempting to build a universal Ruby for macOS that will run on both Intel (x86_64) and Apple Silicon (arm64) machines.

It seemed initially that this was as easy as adding `--with-arch=arm64,x86_64` to `./configure` would do it, as it produced a `ruby` binary that reports as `Mach-O universal binary with 2 architectures: [x86_64:Mach-O 64-bit executable x86_64] [arm64]`

This `ruby` works correctly on the Intel machine I built in on, but does not work when copied to an Apple Silicon device. The reverse, however, seems to work. That is, if I build the universal ruby on an Apple Silicon machine, the `ruby` binary that's built seems to work correctly on both Intel and Apple Silicon machines.

Intel:
```
$ ./ruby -v
ruby 3.0.2p107 (2021-07-07 revision 0db68f0233) [universal.x86_64-darwin21]
```

Apple Silicon:
```
$ ./ruby -v
Segmentation fault: 11
$ lldb ./ruby
(lldb) target create "./ruby"
Current executable set to '/Users/crc/ruby' (arm64).
(lldb) run
Process 77071 launched: '/Users/crc/ruby' (arm64)
Process 77071 stopped
* thread #1, queue = 'com.apple.main-thread', stop reason = EXC_BAD_ACCESS (code=1, address=0x8)
    frame #0: 0x00000001002176b8 ruby`ruby_vm_special_exception_copy + 16
ruby`ruby_vm_special_exception_copy:
->  0x1002176b8 <+16>: ldr    x0, [x0, #0x8]
    0x1002176bc <+20>: bl     0x10011fed8               ; rb_class_real
    0x1002176c0 <+24>: bl     0x10012070c               ; rb_obj_alloc
    0x1002176c4 <+28>: mov    x20, x0
Target 0: (ruby) stopped.
(lldb) ^D
```

I also attempted the same thing with ruby 2.7.4 source, with the same result.



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