```Issue #17257 has been updated by midnight (Sarun R).

So the proposal is to change the document from
"Returns (modular) exponentiation"
to
"multiplying x % m to 1 y times"?

IMHO `% m` is the space, `** y` is the operation performed inside the space, so the result should be within the space.
If `% m` is the operation itself, that would be a different story.

----------------------------------------
Bug #17257: Integer#pow(0, 1) returns 1, which is incorrect
https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/17257#change-87976

* Author: universato (Yoshimine Sato)
* Status: Assigned
* Priority: Normal
* Assignee: mrkn (Kenta Murata)
* Backport: 2.5: UNKNOWN, 2.6: UNKNOWN, 2.7: UNKNOWN
----------------------------------------
Ruby 2.5.8, 2.6.6, 2.7.1

```ruby
p -1.pow(0, 1) #=> 1
p  0.pow(0, 1) #=> 1
p  1.pow(0, 1) #=> 1
p 1234567890.pow(0, 1) #=> 1
```

These return values should be 0.

Patch for test:

Let's add some boundary value tests to `test_pow` of [test_numeric.rb](https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/e014e6bf6685f681998238ff005f6d161d43ce51/test/ruby/test_numeric.rb).

```ruby
integers = [-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 1234567890123456789]
integers.each do |i|
assert_equal(0, i.pow(0, 1), '[Bug #17257]')
assert_equal(1, i.pow(0, 2))
assert_equal(1, i.pow(0, 3))
assert_equal(1, i.pow(0, 6))
assert_equal(1, i.pow(0, 1234567890123456789))

assert_equal(0,  i.pow(0, -1))
assert_equal(-1, i.pow(0, -2))
assert_equal(-2, i.pow(0, -3))
assert_equal(-5, i.pow(0, -6))
assert_equal(-1234567890123456788, i.pow(0, -1234567890123456789))
end

assert_equal(0,  0.pow(2, 1))
assert_equal(0,  0.pow(3, 1))
assert_equal(0,  2.pow(3, 1))
assert_equal(0, -2.pow(3, 1))

--
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```